This hazard covers falls from one level to another, inside or outside a dwelling, where the difference in levels is more than 300mm. It includes, for example, falls out of windows, falls from balconies or landings, falls from accessible roofs, into basement wells, and over garden retaining walls.
The ease of opening windows, the distance they can be opened, the height of the sill and the design of the opening light will all have a bearing on the possibility of an occurrence. For windows above ground floor level, the ease of cleaning from inside will affect the likelihood of an occurrence.
Vulnerable Group: Under 5 years
Defects & Justifications
Ease of window operation - degree of difficulty to use window catches and opening lights.
Safety catches - lack of such catches or features to catches.
Opening limiters - no restriction preventing windows being opened more than 100mm.
Sill heights - less than 1,100mm above floor level and/or lack of safety glass or guarding.
Disrepair of window - to frame, catches, hinges, sashes, safety devices and opening lights.
Ease of cleaning - outer surfaces that are difficult to clean.
Height of guarding - extending less than 1,100mm above the balcony, roof surface or floor.
Easily climbed guarding - constructed so as to facilitate climbing by young children.
Openings in guarding - openings greater than 100mm.
Construction/repair of guarding - insufficient strength and fixing.
Height above ground - the distance of a fall to the ground or next level.
Nature of ground - the nature of the surface and any features which may be collided with.
Non-safety glass - the lack of safety glass where appropriate in the window or guarding.